Makalu Base Camp Trek
High in the heart of the eastern Himalaya, seven valleys radiate from mount. Makalu is the world’s fifth highest peak. These valleys, particularly the Barun valley, treasure some of the last remaining pristine forests and alpine meadows of Nepal. From the bottom of the Arun valley, at just 435 m above sea level, the Himalaya rise to the snow-capped tip of Makalu- 8.463 m–within a 40 km distance. Within this wide range of altitudes and climates, the Makalu-Barun area contains some of the richest and most diverse pockets of plants and animals in Nepal, elsewhere lost to spreading human habitation.
Nestled in the lower reaches of these valleys are communities of Rai, Sherpa, and Shingsawa (Bhotia) farmers. Though economically poor and isolated, they retain a rich cultural heritage. They hold the key to the preservation of the unique biological and cultural treasures of the Makalu Barun area.
The Makalu-Barun National Park and Conservation Area was established in 1992 as Nepal’s eighth national park and the first to include an adjacent inhabited conservation area as a buffer. A new park management approach encourages local people to become actively involved in protecting the forests and natural resources upon which their lives depend, and in conserving their own rich cultural heritage. Traditional resource management systems, such as community controlled grazing and forest guardianship, are being strengthened and low level technologies introduced where appropriate. Working in collaboration with an American NGO, Woodlands Mountain Institute, His Majesty’s Government, Nepal is striving to improve local living standards through infrastructural, educational and income-generating activities.
Covering 2.330 sq km, Makalu-Barun is a vital component of the greater Mount Everest ecosystem which includes Nepal’s 1.148 sq km Sagarmatha (Mount Everest) National Park to the west and the 35.000 sq km Qomolungma Nature Preserve in the Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north.
The Makalu-Barun area is little known to most tourists due to its relative inaccessibility. But those few hundred trekkers and mountaineers who visit each year come away with an unforgettable experience.
For the naturalist, there are spectacular displays of wildflowers and exotic plants. More than 3.000 species of flowering plants, with hundreds of orchid varieties, 48. primroses, and 25 of Nepal’s 30 rhododendrons splash the hillsides with color. The forests shelter abundant wildlife, including the endangered red panda and musk deer as well as the ghoral, Himalayan tahr and leopard. Ornithologists have identified 400 bird species, at least 16 of which are extremely rare.
- Duration: 34 days
- Rating:Fairly Popular
- Region: Makalu Region
- Trip Type:Camping Trek
Day 01: Arrival Kathmandu
Day 02: Free day in Kathmandu for trek Preparation
Day 03: Fly from KTM – Tumlingtar then Drive from Tumlingtar to Num (1560m). Overnight at Num
Day 04: Trek from Num to Seduwa (1500m)
Day 05: Trek from Seduwa to Tashigaon (2100m)
Day 06: Trek from Tashigaon to Khongma Danda (3500m)
Day 07: Trek from Khongma Danda to Dobate (3520m) via two passes Tutu la (4125m) and Keke la (4170m)
Day 08: Trek from Dobate to Yangla Kharka (3557m)
Day 09: Trek from Yangla Kharka to Makalu Base camp (4870m)
Day 10: Lower B.C. visit Base camp area. Overnight at Makalu Base camp.
Day 11: Trek from Lower B.C to Yangla kharka (3557m).
Day 12: Trek from Yangla kharka to Dobate (3520m).
Day 13: Trek from Dobate to Khongma Danda (3500m).
Day 14: Trek from Khongma La to Tashi Gaon (2100m).
Day 15: Trek from Tashi Gaon to Seduwa (1500m).
Day 16: Trek from Seduwa to Walung (910m).
Day 17: Trek from Walung to Dobadak (2240m).
Day 18: Visit cave and rest day. Overnight at dobadak
Day 19: Trek from Saisima Gumba Visit (2340m).
Day 20: Trek from Dobatak to Chauri Kharka (3420m).
Day 21: Trek from Chauri Kharka to Shintap (1850m).
Day 22: Trek from Shintap to Yatsam Kha.
Day 23: Trek from Yatsam Kha to Kenpa La.
Day 24: Trek from Kenpa la to Bokshor/chhemsing.
Day 25: Trek from Bokshor/Chhemsing to Bung.
Day 26: Trek from Bung to Sotang.
Day 27: Trek from Sotang to Buti Danda.
Day 28: Trek from Buti Danda to Phaplu.
Day 29: Trek from Phaplu to sete.
Day 30: Trek from Sete to Bhandar.
Day 31: Trek from Bhandar to Jiri.
Day 32: Drive from Jiri to Kathmandu.
Day 33: Rest day at Kathmandu
Day 34: Departure